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The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Hope and Life Satisfaction in Preschool Preserves Teacher

Hakan Sarıcam, Ismail Celik & Lütfiye Coskun

Manuscript Views: 127  |  Manuscript Download: 411

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine predictive role of emotional intelligence and hope on life satisfaction. Participants were 478 preschool preserves teachers (395 women, 83 men; M age= 19.3 yr.) in Turkey. In this study, Turkish version of the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale Revised, Turkish version of the Integrative Hope Scale and Life Satisfaction Scale were used. The relationships between emotional intelligence, hope and life satisfaction were examined using correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. In correlation analysis, emotional intelligence and hope was found positively related to life satisfaction. According to regression results, emotional intelligence and hope was predicted positively by emotional intelligence and hope. Emotional intelligence and hope has explained 40% of the variance in life satisfaction. The results were discussed in the light of the related literature and dependent recommendations to the area were given. 

Keywords: Emotional intelligence, hope, life satisfaction

References

2

The Effect of Worksheets Developed for the Subject of Chemical Compounds on Student Achievement and Permanent Learning

Dilek ÇELİKLER

Manuscript Views: 115  |  Manuscript Download: 242

Abstract

 In this study, the effect of worksheets developed for chemical compounds included in General Chemistry class of Science education undergraduate programme in accordance with the constructivist learning theory on academic achievement and permanency was investigated. The subjects of the study were 80 first grade teacher candidates attending 19 Mayıs University, Education Faculty, Science and Technology Education Department. While the subject was taught to the students in the first group by the use of traditional instruction method, it was taught to the students in the second group by the use of worksheets. To obtain data, an achievement test consisting of 50 multiple-choice questions with a Cronbach-alpha value of 0.921 was applied as pre-test before the study, post-test at the end of the study and permanency test 5 weeks later after the study. Data were analyzed by the use of t-test in SPSS 15.0 package program. Study results revealed that experimental group students to whom subject was taught by the use of worksheets were more successful than the group students to whom subject was taught with traditional instruction method (t=23.230; p< .05) In the light of this data it was concluded that the use of worksheets as supplementary materials affect permanency positively (t=27.505; p < .05). 

Keywords: chemical compounds, constructivist learning method, worksheets, student achievement

References

3

Teacher Education and Professional Development Programs in Pakistan

Illahi Bux Gopang

Manuscript Views: 107  |  Manuscript Download: 138

Abstract

Teacher education focuses on the professional and personal development of teachers‟ abilities and communication skills. These abilities and skills make teachers capable enough to perform their duties effectively. Recent insights into teacher education in Pakistan has contributed a lot and increased awareness among teachers as researchers and practitioners. For this study, Data were collected using questionnaire with close and open ended items. A questionnaire was developed keeping in view of previous studies on teacher education. This study ventures to explore theoretical framework of pedagogy of teacher education. It is suggested that teacher education is basically teacher development that is conceptualized as ongoing process of leaning practical skills and reflecting on them. The findings of this study indicate that teachers have positive attitude towards trainings and professional programs which are run to enhance the capacity building.

Keywords: Teacher education, Pakistani teachers, long term and short term trainings, pedagogical implications.

References

4

Foreign Language Teaching Anxiety and Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Turkish Pre-Service EFL Teachers

Ali Merc

Manuscript Views: 102  |  Manuscript Download: 131

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the level of language teaching anxiety experienced by pre-service EFL teachers and their language teaching self-efficacy beliefs. The participants of the study were 117 pre-service EFL teachers completing their teaching practicum as a requirement for graduation at Anadolu University, Turkey. A Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety Scale (FLSTAS) and a SelfEfficacy Questionnaire (SEQ) together with semi-structured interviews were used as research instruments. The results of the analyses showed that student teachers experienced a relatively low level of anxiety in general and their perceived self-efficacy was high in their overall scores. Although gender and type of practicum school were not predictors of anxiety and self-efficacy beliefs, certain correlations were found among the components of the anxiety and self-efficacy beliefs.

Keywords: Foreign language teaching anxiety, teacher self-efficacy, pre-service EFL teachers, teacher education

References

5

Management of Modern Fitness (Comparison of Germany - Turkey)

Necati Cerrahoğlu

Manuscript Views: 82  |  Manuscript Download: 121

Abstract

Fitness has shown great progress in the last 20 years world-wide by offering a new sportive life and life style. Besides the expectations having an aesthetic body, being attractive and imposing, to have more healthy life, the costs are paid. In fitness Germany is in position to be a role model. Academic structure, congress organization especially for fitness, fitness journals, accreditation and supervision system for fitness centers and also great interest of the public into the sport serve as model. The sector, in which graduates are employed in higher amounts, is fitness. In Turkey the masses show great interest in fitness. The independent federation could not be reached yet and there is supervision problem to control the existing fitness centers. In fitness which is dependent to Ministry of Youth and Sports, authorization discussions are going on. There are serious problems in the competence of trainers working in centers and urgent need of changes in the legal legislation. 

Keywords: Fitness, Fitness Management, Employment.

References

6

Speech Act of Refusal among English Language Teaching Students

Mahsa Rezvani, Darya Abdalrahman Ismael & Samet Tok

Manuscript Views: 154  |  Manuscript Download: 104

Abstract

Speech acts as the elements of communicative competence refer to the actions such as apology, request, complaint, suggestion and refusal. Refusal as a face-threatening act for the hearers is one of the most complex issues which is sensitive to social variables including gender and education.  Accordingly, the present study was set out to investigate the refusal strategies that are mostly used by English Language teaching (ELT) students. To this end, fifty ELT postgraduate students form Eastern Mediterranean University in Famagusta, Cyprus, participated in this study. The data was obtained from 12-items written Discourse Completion Task (DCT) and analyzed based on the classification of refusal strategies proposed by Beebe et al. (1990). The results suggested that the participated students in this study mostly demonstrated preference for indirect refusal. Additionally, Men mostly employed direct strategies to an interlocutor of lower status, while for women to an interlocutor of equal status. Furthermore, women tended to use more adjuncts than men in all three situations. Among four ethnic groups (Persian, Kurdish, Turkish & Arab), Adjuncts were mostly used by Persian students, while Turkish students preferred to use direct strategies more than other groups. Moreover, this study has some implications towards the theories underpinning it.

Keywords: ELT students, ethnicity, gender, pragmatics, refusal strategy

References

  • Abed, A. Q. (2011). Pragmatic transfer in Iraqi EFL learners' refusals. International journal of English linguistics, 1(2), 166. doi:10.5539/ijel.v1n2p166.
  • Allami, H., & Naeimi, A. (2011). A cross-linguistic Study of refusals: An analysis of pragmatic competence development in Iranian EFL learners. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(1), 385-406.
  • Al-Kahtani, S. A. W. (2005). Refusal realizations in three different cultures: A speech act theoretically-based cross-cultural study. Language & Translation, 21, 30-48
  • Amirrudin, S., & Salleh, N. B. (2016). Refusal strategies in English among Malay ESL students. Research Journal, 4 (1),30.
  • Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Beebe, L.M., Takahashi, T., and Uliss-Weltz, R. (1990). Pragmatic transfer in ESL refusals. In R.C. Scarcella, E. S. Anderso & S. D. Krashen (Eds.), Developing communicative competence in a second language (pp. 55-94). New York: Newbury House Publishers.
  • Chang, Y. F. (2009). How to say no: An analysis of cross-cultural difference and pragmatic transfer. Language Sciences, 31(4), 477-493.
  • Chen, J. H. (1996). Cross-cultural comparison of English and Chinese metapragmatics in refusal. Available from ERIC (ERIC No. ED408860).
  • Çiftçi, H. (2016). Refusal strategies in Turkish and English: a cross-cultural study. ELT Research Journal, 5(1).
  • Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and discourse: A resource book for students. London and New York. Routledge.
  • Eslami, Z. R. (2010). Refusals: How to develop appropriate refusal strategies. In A.   Martínez-Flor & E. Usó-Juan (Eds.), Speech act performance: Theoretical, empirical   and methodological issues, 217-236. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Felix-Brasdefer, J. C. (2006). Linguistic politeness in Mexico: Refusal strategies among male speakers of Mexican Spanish. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 2158-2187.
  • Fitch, K. L. & Sanders, R. E. (Eds.) (2005). Handbook of language and social interaction. Mahwah, New Jersey: London, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Fraser, B. (1983). The Domain of Pragmatics, In: J. Richards and R. Schmidt (Eds.), Language and Communication. New York: Longman, 29-59.
  • Hashemian, M. (2012). Cross-cultural differences and pragmatic transfer in English and Persian refusals. Journal of Teaching Language Skills, 31(3), 23-46.
  • Hedayatnejad, F., Maleki, R., & Mehrizi, A. A. H. (2015). The effect of social status and gender on realization of refusal of suggestion among Iranian EFL intermediate learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 7(1), 99-109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0701.11 
  • Honglin, L. (2007). A comparative study of refusal speech acts in Chinese and American English. Canadian Social Science, 3(4), 64-67.
  • Hymes, D. (1972). On communicative competence. In D. Hymes, J.B. Pride, & J. Holmes. (Eds.), On communicative competence (pp. 53- 73). London: Penguin Books Ltd.
  • Izadi, A., & Zilaie, F. (2015). Refusal strategies in Persian. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 25(2), 246-264.
  • Kumaravadivelu, B. (2006). Understanding language teaching: From method to postmethod. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Liao, Chao-chih & Mary I. Bresnahan. (1996). A Contrastive Study on American English and Mandarin Refusal Strategies. Language Science, 18, 703-727.
  • Lyuh, I. (1992). The art of refusal: Comparison of Korean and American cultures. Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database (UMI No. 9310343).
  • Moaveni, H. T. (2014). A study of refusal strategies by American and International Students at an American University. Master thesis in Minnesota State University.
  • Montero, R. L. (2015). Most Common Refusal Strategies Used by Students of English Teaching as a Foreign Language. Revista de Lenguas Modernas, (23), 137-148.
  • Morkus, N. (2014). Refusals in Egyptian Arabic and American English. Journal of Pragmatics, 70, 86-107.
  • Nelson, G. L., Carson, J., Batal, M. A., & Bakary, W. E. (2002). Cross‐cultural pragmatics: Strategy use in Egyptian Arabic and American English refusals. Applied linguistics, 23(2), 163-189.
  • Rintell, E. (1997). Getting your speech act together: The pragmatic ability of second language Learners. Working Papers on Bilingualism, 17, 96-106.
  • Richards, J. C. & Schmidt, R. (2002). Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics (3rd ed.). London: Longman (Pearson Education).
  • Sa'd, S. H. T., & Qadermazi, Z. (2014). Refusal strategies of Iranian university English as a foreign language and non-English learners in native language: a comparative study. CEPS Journal: Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 4(4), 121.
  • Sahragard, R., & Javanmardi, F. (2011). English Speech Act Realization of" Refusals" among Iranian EFL Learners. Cross-Cultural Communication, 7(2), 181.
  • Searle, J. R. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Takahashi, T., & Beebe, L. (1987). Development of pragmatic competence by Japanese learners of English. The JALT Journal, 8(2), 131-156.
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7

Investigation of Self-Efficacy Perception and Metacognitive Awareness of Prospective Teachers

Dursun YAVUZ & Aysel MEMİŞ

Manuscript Views: 110  |  Manuscript Download: 100

Abstract

This study analyzes self-efficacy perceptions of prospective teachers towards teaching profession and their metacognitive awareness related to selecting teaching as a career. It was conducted with 781 prospective teachers. Self-efficacy perceptions of the participants were detected via the long form of Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) and their metacognitive awareness was determined by employing the long form of Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI). The motives accounting for their selection of teaching as a career was explored through open-ended questions. It was detected that prospective teachers are at a rather sufficient level with respect to their general self-efficacy perception and its sub-dimensions and their metacognitive awareness is at rather high levels. At the end of the research, in general self-efficacy averages of prospective teachers, amongst all prospective teachers who answered that the profession was selected due to SSE (Student Selection Examination) result and the ones who selected it according to its suitability with his/her personality choice; in general metacognitive awareness averages amongst prospective teachers who answered that the profession was selected due to SSE (Student Selection Examination) result and its conformity with his/her ideal choice, love of children-nation-teaching choice and its suitability with his/her personality choice, a significant difference was detected in comparison with those prospective teachers who selected the profession according to SSE (Student Selection Examination) choice

Keywords: Öz-yeterlik, öğretmen öz-yeterliği, üstbiliş, üstbilişsel farkındalık

References

8

Communication Skills Comparison of Physical Education Teachers in Secondary Education and Professional Trainers in Sport Leagues

Muzaffer Doğgün

Manuscript Views: 64  |  Manuscript Download: 100

Abstract

Educational research in secondary schools of Northern Cyprus is generally lacking and developing special programs on education to improve current level of education to modernize with new approaches and techniques certainly are in need for North Cyprus. One of the fundamental thinking about modernization of education system is improving communication skills of educators to able them to increase effectiveness of time that consuming in educational matters and improve quality. Young age groups’ education is important for all community members in a modern society and responsible education members’ communication skills are essential in this process of education of young generations. Based on this thought, to evaluate and analysis of whether secondary education level teachers have enough communication skills and abilities in pedagogical terms, two focus group are selected. Group one is physical education teachers of secondary education level while second group consists of professional trainers of youngster sport teams. The aim of this research was investigating communication skills of secondary education physical education teachers by comparing them with their relative counterparts, trainers in professional youngster team sports who are generally lacking basic pedagogical education background. Study shows that physical education teachers’ pedagogical education background helps improving communicational skills on dealing with youngsters when compared with professional sport trainers without any education on pedagogy.

Keywords: Physical Education, Teacher, Communication skills, Team Sport, Trainers, Young

References

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  • Cuñado, J., & de Gracia, F. P. (2012). Does education affect happiness? Evidence for Spain. Social indicators research, 108(1), 185-196.
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  • Grossman, P. (2005). Research on pedagogical approaches in teacher education. Studying teacher education: The report of the AERA panel on research and teacher education, 425-476 
  • Veal, M. L. (1992). The role of assessment in secondary physical education—A pedagogical view. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 63(7), 88-92
  • Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: A review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of school health, 76(8), 397-401
  • Bailey, R., Armour, K., Kirk, D., Jess, M., Pickup, I., Sandford, R., & Education, B. P. (2009). The educational benefits claimed for physical education and school sport: an academic review. Research papers in education, 24(1), 1-27
  • Cassidy, T. G., Jones, R. L., & Potrac, P. (2008). Understanding sports coaching: The social, cultural and pedagogical foundations of coaching practice. Routledge
  • Yılmaz İ. (2008). Sporcu Algılarına göre, Farklı Spor Branşlarındaki Antrenörlerin Liderlik Davranışlarının Analizi ve İletişim Beceri Düzeyleri. Doktora tezi, T.C. Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Turkey
9

The Comparison of Parents and Preschool Teachers’ Views about Character and Character Traits in Children

Ayşe Duran & Hakan Sariçam

Manuscript Views: 87  |  Manuscript Download: 96

Abstract

It is a fact that the years of preschool is the foundation of gaining of character traits. The development of character starts in the family and continues authoritatively with school, for this reason the supporting each other of family and school is critical. For the determination of this supporting, the views of teachers and parents about this issue are required. The aim of this study is the examination of parents’ and teachers’ views about character and character traits of preschoolers. This research was completed with qualitative methods; the sample of study was 10 preschool teachers and 15 parents between 2014-2015 academic years in Adıyaman city center in Turkey. The data of research was collected with a semi-structured interview form developed by researcher. The analysis of data was done with content analysis method. According to the results of research, parents and teachers have different opinions about character. In addition, expectation and observation of parents and teachers show differences in terms of character traits in children. The results shows that parents took the primarily responsibility of development of their children’s character in themselves. In addition, teachers have different opinions about the role of parents in the development of character traits of children.

Keywords: Character, character traits, preschool education, parents, teachers

References

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  • Ateş, F. (2013). İlkokul ve ortaokul öğretmenlerinin değerler eğitimi ve uygulamalarına yönelik görevleri üzerine nitel bir al ma t s qualitative stud including opiuions of the primar and secondar school teachers abaout training of values and it s imlementat ons . (Yüksek lisans tezi). YÖK Tez Merkezi. (356302).
  • Bakdemir, A. (2010). İlköğretim ve ortaöğretimde görev apan öğretmenlerin ahlak ve karakter eğitimi konusundaki alg , tutum ve eğitimsel u gulamalar . (Yüksek lisans tezi). YÖK Tez Merkezi. (264554).
  • Balat, G. U., Özdemir, B. B., & Özdemir, A. A. (2011). The evaluation of parents' views related to helping pre-school children gain some universal values. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 908-912.
  • Battistich, V. (2005). Character education, prevention, and positive youth development. Washington, DC: Character Education Partnership.
  • Berkowitz, M. W. (2002). The science of character education. In Damon, W. (Eds.), Bringing in a New Era in Character Education, (pp. 43-63). Hoover Institution Press Publication.
  • Berkowitz, M. W., & Bier, M. C. (2005). What works in character education: A research-driven guide for educators. Washington, DC: Character Education Partnership. Available on the World Wide Web: http://www,character.org/files/practitioners_518.pdf
  • Berkowitz, M. W., & Grych, J. H. (2000). Early character development and education.Early Education and Development, 11(1), 55-72.
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  • Franciamore, N. O. (2014). Parent Perceptions of Character Education in Universal Pre-Kindergarten. (Unpublished doctor dissertation). University of Walden, USA.
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  • Mindes, G., & Donovan, M. A. (2001). Building character: Five enduring themes for a stronger early childhood curriculum. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
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10

The Relationship between Behavioral Problems of Primary School Students in Pre-Adolescence Period and Family Functionings

Firdevs Savi ÇAKAR & Rengin AKBOY

Manuscript Views: 93  |  Manuscript Download: 93

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between primary school student‟s behavior problems and family functionings in early puberty. The sampling of the study consists of 389 adolescent students attending 6th, 7th and 8th grades. The data of the study was collected via using Youth Self Reported /11-18 and Family Assessment Device. The data was analyzed with the help of Pearson‟s Correlation of Coefficient technique. As a result, a quite positive relation between adolescents‟ behavioral problems and family functionings was found and it was determined that as the family functionings became maladaptive, behavior problems tended to increase. In this sense, this study underlines the importance of family, which can carry out their family functions completely, bringing up of adolescents healthily. It is suggested that further studies should make use of different age groups from the point of such an analytic concept.

Keywords: Pre-adolescence period, behavioral problems, family functioning.

References