Most Downloaded


The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Hope and Life Satisfaction in Preschool Preserves Teacher

Hakan Sarıcam, Ismail Celik & Lütfiye Coskun

Manuscript Views: 116  |  Manuscript Download: 389


The aim of this study is to examine predictive role of emotional intelligence and hope on life satisfaction. Participants were 478 preschool preserves teachers (395 women, 83 men; M age= 19.3 yr.) in Turkey. In this study, Turkish version of the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale Revised, Turkish version of the Integrative Hope Scale and Life Satisfaction Scale were used. The relationships between emotional intelligence, hope and life satisfaction were examined using correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. In correlation analysis, emotional intelligence and hope was found positively related to life satisfaction. According to regression results, emotional intelligence and hope was predicted positively by emotional intelligence and hope. Emotional intelligence and hope has explained 40% of the variance in life satisfaction. The results were discussed in the light of the related literature and dependent recommendations to the area were given. 

Keywords: Emotional intelligence, hope, life satisfaction



The Effect of Worksheets Developed for the Subject of Chemical Compounds on Student Achievement and Permanent Learning


Manuscript Views: 112  |  Manuscript Download: 230


 In this study, the effect of worksheets developed for chemical compounds included in General Chemistry class of Science education undergraduate programme in accordance with the constructivist learning theory on academic achievement and permanency was investigated. The subjects of the study were 80 first grade teacher candidates attending 19 Mayıs University, Education Faculty, Science and Technology Education Department. While the subject was taught to the students in the first group by the use of traditional instruction method, it was taught to the students in the second group by the use of worksheets. To obtain data, an achievement test consisting of 50 multiple-choice questions with a Cronbach-alpha value of 0.921 was applied as pre-test before the study, post-test at the end of the study and permanency test 5 weeks later after the study. Data were analyzed by the use of t-test in SPSS 15.0 package program. Study results revealed that experimental group students to whom subject was taught by the use of worksheets were more successful than the group students to whom subject was taught with traditional instruction method (t=23.230; p< .05) In the light of this data it was concluded that the use of worksheets as supplementary materials affect permanency positively (t=27.505; p < .05). 

Keywords: chemical compounds, constructivist learning method, worksheets, student achievement



Teacher Education and Professional Development Programs in Pakistan

Illahi Bux Gopang

Manuscript Views: 100  |  Manuscript Download: 119


Teacher education focuses on the professional and personal development of teachers‟ abilities and communication skills. These abilities and skills make teachers capable enough to perform their duties effectively. Recent insights into teacher education in Pakistan has contributed a lot and increased awareness among teachers as researchers and practitioners. For this study, Data were collected using questionnaire with close and open ended items. A questionnaire was developed keeping in view of previous studies on teacher education. This study ventures to explore theoretical framework of pedagogy of teacher education. It is suggested that teacher education is basically teacher development that is conceptualized as ongoing process of leaning practical skills and reflecting on them. The findings of this study indicate that teachers have positive attitude towards trainings and professional programs which are run to enhance the capacity building.

Keywords: Teacher education, Pakistani teachers, long term and short term trainings, pedagogical implications.



Foreign Language Teaching Anxiety and Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Turkish Pre-Service EFL Teachers

Ali Merc

Manuscript Views: 93  |  Manuscript Download: 112


The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the level of language teaching anxiety experienced by pre-service EFL teachers and their language teaching self-efficacy beliefs. The participants of the study were 117 pre-service EFL teachers completing their teaching practicum as a requirement for graduation at Anadolu University, Turkey. A Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety Scale (FLSTAS) and a SelfEfficacy Questionnaire (SEQ) together with semi-structured interviews were used as research instruments. The results of the analyses showed that student teachers experienced a relatively low level of anxiety in general and their perceived self-efficacy was high in their overall scores. Although gender and type of practicum school were not predictors of anxiety and self-efficacy beliefs, certain correlations were found among the components of the anxiety and self-efficacy beliefs.

Keywords: Foreign language teaching anxiety, teacher self-efficacy, pre-service EFL teachers, teacher education



Management of Modern Fitness (Comparison of Germany - Turkey)

Necati Cerrahoğlu

Manuscript Views: 76  |  Manuscript Download: 100


Fitness has shown great progress in the last 20 years world-wide by offering a new sportive life and life style. Besides the expectations having an aesthetic body, being attractive and imposing, to have more healthy life, the costs are paid. In fitness Germany is in position to be a role model. Academic structure, congress organization especially for fitness, fitness journals, accreditation and supervision system for fitness centers and also great interest of the public into the sport serve as model. The sector, in which graduates are employed in higher amounts, is fitness. In Turkey the masses show great interest in fitness. The independent federation could not be reached yet and there is supervision problem to control the existing fitness centers. In fitness which is dependent to Ministry of Youth and Sports, authorization discussions are going on. There are serious problems in the competence of trainers working in centers and urgent need of changes in the legal legislation. 

Keywords: Fitness, Fitness Management, Employment.



Communication Skills Comparison of Physical Education Teachers in Secondary Education and Professional Trainers in Sport Leagues

Muzaffer Doğgün

Manuscript Views: 60  |  Manuscript Download: 89


Educational research in secondary schools of Northern Cyprus is generally lacking and developing special programs on education to improve current level of education to modernize with new approaches and techniques certainly are in need for North Cyprus. One of the fundamental thinking about modernization of education system is improving communication skills of educators to able them to increase effectiveness of time that consuming in educational matters and improve quality. Young age groups’ education is important for all community members in a modern society and responsible education members’ communication skills are essential in this process of education of young generations. Based on this thought, to evaluate and analysis of whether secondary education level teachers have enough communication skills and abilities in pedagogical terms, two focus group are selected. Group one is physical education teachers of secondary education level while second group consists of professional trainers of youngster sport teams. The aim of this research was investigating communication skills of secondary education physical education teachers by comparing them with their relative counterparts, trainers in professional youngster team sports who are generally lacking basic pedagogical education background. Study shows that physical education teachers’ pedagogical education background helps improving communicational skills on dealing with youngsters when compared with professional sport trainers without any education on pedagogy.

Keywords: Physical Education, Teacher, Communication skills, Team Sport, Trainers, Young


  • Hanushek, E. A., & Wößmann, L. (2007). The role of education quality for economic growth. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper
  • Oftedal Telhaug, A., Asbjørn Mediås, O., & Aasen, P. (2006). The Nordic model in education: Education as part of the political system in the last 50 years. Scandinavian journal of educational research, 50(3), 245-283.
  • Boudon, R. (1974). Education, opportunity, and social inequality: Changing prospects in western society
  • Phillips, H. M. (1970). Literacy and Development 
  • DeWalt, D. A., Berkman, N. D., Sheridan, S., Lohr, K. N. and Pignone, M. P. (2004), Literacy and Health Outcomes. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 19: 1228–1239
  • Cuñado, J., & de Gracia, F. P. (2012). Does education affect happiness? Evidence for Spain. Social indicators research, 108(1), 185-196.
  • Gerdtham, U. G., & Johannesson, M. (2001). The relationship between happiness, health, and socio-economic factors: results based on Swedish microdata. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 30(6), 553-557
  • Tamir, P. (1988). Subject matter and related pedagogical knowledge in teacher education. Teaching and teacher education, 4(2), 99-110.
  • Grossman, P. (2005). Research on pedagogical approaches in teacher education. Studying teacher education: The report of the AERA panel on research and teacher education, 425-476 
  • Veal, M. L. (1992). The role of assessment in secondary physical education—A pedagogical view. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 63(7), 88-92
  • Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: A review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of school health, 76(8), 397-401
  • Bailey, R., Armour, K., Kirk, D., Jess, M., Pickup, I., Sandford, R., & Education, B. P. (2009). The educational benefits claimed for physical education and school sport: an academic review. Research papers in education, 24(1), 1-27
  • Cassidy, T. G., Jones, R. L., & Potrac, P. (2008). Understanding sports coaching: The social, cultural and pedagogical foundations of coaching practice. Routledge
  • Yılmaz İ. (2008). Sporcu Algılarına göre, Farklı Spor Branşlarındaki Antrenörlerin Liderlik Davranışlarının Analizi ve İletişim Beceri Düzeyleri. Doktora tezi, T.C. Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Turkey

Investigation of Self-Efficacy Perception and Metacognitive Awareness of Prospective Teachers

Dursun YAVUZ & Aysel MEMİŞ

Manuscript Views: 110  |  Manuscript Download: 87


This study analyzes self-efficacy perceptions of prospective teachers towards teaching profession and their metacognitive awareness related to selecting teaching as a career. It was conducted with 781 prospective teachers. Self-efficacy perceptions of the participants were detected via the long form of Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) and their metacognitive awareness was determined by employing the long form of Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI). The motives accounting for their selection of teaching as a career was explored through open-ended questions. It was detected that prospective teachers are at a rather sufficient level with respect to their general self-efficacy perception and its sub-dimensions and their metacognitive awareness is at rather high levels. At the end of the research, in general self-efficacy averages of prospective teachers, amongst all prospective teachers who answered that the profession was selected due to SSE (Student Selection Examination) result and the ones who selected it according to its suitability with his/her personality choice; in general metacognitive awareness averages amongst prospective teachers who answered that the profession was selected due to SSE (Student Selection Examination) result and its conformity with his/her ideal choice, love of children-nation-teaching choice and its suitability with his/her personality choice, a significant difference was detected in comparison with those prospective teachers who selected the profession according to SSE (Student Selection Examination) choice

Keywords: Öz-yeterlik, öğretmen öz-yeterliği, üstbiliş, üstbilişsel farkındalık



The Relationship between Behavioral Problems of Primary School Students in Pre-Adolescence Period and Family Functionings

Firdevs Savi ÇAKAR & Rengin AKBOY

Manuscript Views: 90  |  Manuscript Download: 80


The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between primary school student‟s behavior problems and family functionings in early puberty. The sampling of the study consists of 389 adolescent students attending 6th, 7th and 8th grades. The data of the study was collected via using Youth Self Reported /11-18 and Family Assessment Device. The data was analyzed with the help of Pearson‟s Correlation of Coefficient technique. As a result, a quite positive relation between adolescents‟ behavioral problems and family functionings was found and it was determined that as the family functionings became maladaptive, behavior problems tended to increase. In this sense, this study underlines the importance of family, which can carry out their family functions completely, bringing up of adolescents healthily. It is suggested that further studies should make use of different age groups from the point of such an analytic concept.

Keywords: Pre-adolescence period, behavioral problems, family functioning.



Application of Task Analysis Method to Physics Laboratory Experiments


Manuscript Views: 70  |  Manuscript Download: 78


The importance of lab studies is especially evident for science courses such as physics where abstract concepts are frequently used. The fact that the students comprehend the experiments better, and that they are better organized while doing the experiment will ensure that they will be more interested in the laboratory and thus in the topic. For this reason, it is likewise important to develop new techniques to use in lab activities. Guidelines for laboratories are of great help for students in comprehending and performing the experiment. It is an important necessity that the guidelines should frequently be renewed and that adjustments should be made to meet the changing needs of students. In this study, task analysis method is covered to be used in experiment guidelines. In this method, the steps to be followed by the student are provided on a diagram, and through cycles, missing or forgotten steps, if there are any, are determined. Thus, the students can see the whole of the experiment with all of its steps with the help of the diagram, and by relating it on the diagram; they will be able to understand What they do, and Why they do it

Keywords: physics experiments, task analysis method, laboratory studies, physics education



Turkish Sentence Stress

Didem Çetin & Mustafa Volkan Coşkun

Manuscript Views: 51  |  Manuscript Download: 76


One of the suprasegmental elements of a language, stress is one of the basic elements necessary for the correct communication and understanding of a message. According to Coşkun (2010: 204), besides leading to differences in the meanings of words, it makes words and phrases the speaker wants to emphasize and wants the listener to pay a special attention to marked; while it contributes to the correct construction of a message that is relayed by the speakers, it helps the listener to understand the message correctly.  Though each word and phrase has its separate stress, in a sentence, stress is only on one word. While it is widely held belief that in Turkish, stress in on the word preceding the verb, the place of the stress may change depending on the emotional state of the speaker and the message to be relayed. The purpose of the current study is to elicit the stress system in Turkish by analyzing speech samples taken from different television programs in terms of their stress patterns. Within the context of the current study employing the descriptive method speeches from different television programs were recorded by means of Adobe Audition 1.0 voice program, and these recordings were analyzed in terms of the basic frequency through Praat 3.8.47 voice analysis program. 

Keywords: Stress, Sentence Stress, Stress Analysis


  • Coşkun, M. V. (2000). Türkiye Türkçesinde Vurgu, Ton ve Ezgi, Türk Dili, Sayı: 584, s.126-130.
  • Coşkun, M. V. (2010). Türkçenin Ses Bilgisi (2. Baskı), İstanbul: IQ Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık.
  • Çetin, D. (2013). Bilgisayar Destekli Prozodi Eğitiminin Vurgu, Ton ve Ezgiyi Algılama ve Yansıtma Becerilerine Etkisi. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Ercilasun, A. B. (2005). Vurgu (98-103), Türk Dili ve Kompozisyon, Ankara: Ekin Kitabevi.
  • Fudge, E. (1984). English Word-Stress, Guildford, Surrey: printed in Great Britain by Biddles Ltd.
  • Türkçe Sözlük (2009). Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları.