PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 951X

Original article | International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 2020, Vol. 11(1) 87-100

Enhancing EFL Learners’ Speaking Accuracy and Fluency Through Using Pictorial Input

Ehsan Namaziandost

pp. 87 - 100   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1908-19-0002

Published online: March 30, 2020  |   Number of Views: 33  |  Number of Download: 208


Abstract

Second language acquisition (SLA) has been affected by many internal as well as external factors. Among them, the language input that learners receive in SLA is one of the external factors which plays a fundamental role. Considering the vital role of input, this study examined the effect of pictorial input on Iranian elementary EFL learners’ speaking accuracy and fluency. To do this study, 54 Iranian elementary EFL learners were selected among 80 students at a private English Language Institute. Then, the selected participants were divided into two equal groups; experimental group and control group. After that, both groups were pretested by a speaking pre-test. Then, both groups received the treatment. The experimental group was taught through using the pre-speaking strategies; the researcher provided the students with pictorial inputs. On the other hand, the students of the control group were taught through traditional speaking activities including repetition and over-learning. The treatment took 15 sessions of 50 minutes each under the guidance of the supervisor. In the first session, the participants were homogenized. In the second session, the students were pretested. During 11 sessions, the students were taught by using pictorial input, and in the last session the two groups took the speaking post-test. After the treatment, both experimental groups took the post-test of speaking. The results of paired t-test and MANOVA revealed that the experimental group had better performance on their accuracy and fluency post-test compared to their pre-test. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the performances of the experimental and control group on the accuracy and fluency post-test. Finally, implications arising from the findings and suggestions for further research were explained.

Keywords: Accuracy, Fluency, Speaking skill, Pictorial input


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Namaziandost, E. (2020). Enhancing EFL Learners’ Speaking Accuracy and Fluency Through Using Pictorial Input . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 11(1), 87-100.

Harvard
Namaziandost, E. (2020). Enhancing EFL Learners’ Speaking Accuracy and Fluency Through Using Pictorial Input . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 11(1), pp. 87-100.

Chicago 16th edition
Namaziandost, Ehsan (2020). "Enhancing EFL Learners’ Speaking Accuracy and Fluency Through Using Pictorial Input ". International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 11 (1):87-100.

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