PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 951X

Original article | International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 2020, Vol. 11(3) 1-18

Teachers’ Perceptions of KARDS in an EFL Context: The Case of Age, Degree Level, and Major

Vahid Hassani

pp. 1 - 18   |  Manu. Number: ijrte.2020.006

Published online: September 30, 2020  |   Number of Views: 51  |  Number of Download: 173


Abstract

Kumaravadivelue’s (2012) language teacher education for a global society under the acronym of KARDS (knowing, analyzing, recognizing, doing, and seeing) has gained little momentum in the context of Iran due to dearth of researches on it. To narrow this gap, the present research looked into Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers’ perception of KARDS with regard to variables including their age, degree level, and major. To this end, a KARDS questionnaire designed, constructed, and validated by Hassani, Khatib, and Yazdani Moghaddam (2019a) was administered to 400 English teachers teaching at different language institutions in Tehran. Both convenient and stratified sampling were used to select the participants. The researcher used stratified sampling since the population was made up of a number of subgroups, or strata that differed from each other in their characteristics. The results of descriptive statistics, MANOVA, and post-hoc Tukey tests revealed that there were significant differences in teachers’ perceptions of KARDS with regard to their age, degree level, and major. Policy makers, material developers, and teacher educators should underscore these differences and observe and incorporate them in teacher education programs while they are designing teacher education programs or developing teaching materials

Keywords: KARDS, language teacher education, teachers’ perception


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Hassani, V. (2020). Teachers’ Perceptions of KARDS in an EFL Context: The Case of Age, Degree Level, and Major . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 11(3), 1-18.

Harvard
Hassani, V. (2020). Teachers’ Perceptions of KARDS in an EFL Context: The Case of Age, Degree Level, and Major . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 11(3), pp. 1-18.

Chicago 16th edition
Hassani, Vahid (2020). "Teachers’ Perceptions of KARDS in an EFL Context: The Case of Age, Degree Level, and Major ". International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 11 (3):1-18.

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